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Mississippi is America

Witness to Dissent

Sandy Ground



100 Americans


Reading Dick & Jane with Me

What's Happening with Momma?

Hiroshima, Hopes & Dreams


Wrongly Bodied Two

It Wasn't Little Rock

Wrongly Bodied: Documenting Transition from Female to Male

The Masculinity Project

Reframing the Past

Reading Dick & Jane

Suburban Atlanta

Jake in Transition




Wrongly Bodied relates the stories of Jake, a contemporary white male imprisoned in a woman's body, as he transitions from female to male, and Ellen Craft, a 19th century black slave woman who escapes to Philadelphia from Georgia by passing as a white male slave owner. Working as staff support at a small woman's college in Denton, Texas, and in the US Army reserves, Jake had been a female soldier in Operation Desert Storm in 1991. Sligh and Jake worked together over four years to document his journey. What results is a book of photographs and texts that take us inside what became a highly transformative journey for the photographed and the photographer.

Premise: When Debra approached me about documenting her transition from female to male, from Debra to Jake, I felt confronted by several personal dilemmas. It was a world that was new to me. In my long career as an artist/photographer, I was always interested in social identity and the general human condition but did not want to be an advocate for any particular person or 'speak' for someone else.

In addition to the world of transitioning from one gender to another being new to me, Debra, herself had many questions: As a woman she had to dissolve, disintegrate, disappear – what would the journey be like? What if she failed to complete her transition? What if she didn't like the person she was to become? Who would want to have such a person in their life?

A person's decision to change gender is very difficult for many people to wrap their heads around. I trusted that working together with Jake on this project, I would develop the necessary identification with her life and struggles but my affinity came from an unexpected place for me. In my trying to understand Jake's motivation for a gender change, I used, from my own social history, racial passing – as a parallel that could be thought of as something like it although it is not.

As I reflected, for over ten years, on my experience with the intensity of Jake's transition, the narrative of Ellen and William Craft's successful escape from slavery to freedom by Ellen 'passing' as a white male, began to insert itself into my page layouts of Jake's story. For the first time, I understood that Ellen Craft was passing as white and as a man. While Jake would never think of himself as passing for a man, I gained a deeper understanding of what it meant for Craft to present herself as a man in ante-bellum America.

In Wrongly Bodied, Jake's story and the Crafts' narrative lay side by side. No attempt was made to intermingle or align them, yet resonances between the two occur throughout. The insertion of the Craft's journey from slavery to freedom has expanded the scope of the project and makes clear that the book is about Jake and it is also about the photographer.

Photographer Ellen Eisenman noted that, 'The addition of the Craft's narrative contributes to the book's accessibility to people who have not been able to understand the social construction of gender and makes clear the documentary photographer's process of observation, of really trying to see and understand from the subject's point of view."

By Clarissa T. Sligh
Philadelphia: Leeway Foundation, 2009. Edition of 1500.

7.75 x 5"; 160 pages. Printed offset. Perfect bound. Paper illustrated wrappers. Includes essays by Carla Williams, Jake in Transition from Female to Male series, or, Through the Mirror and What Clarissa Found There and Silvia Roncucci, Women in Transition: From Female to Male (translated from Italian).

For additional information go to:

Wrongly Bodied: Documenting Transition from Female to Male